Misophonie: Ursachen, Symptome, Behandlung

Misophonia: causes, symptoms, treatment

Misophonia describes asensitivity of hearing that affects specific sounds. It must therefore be distinguished fromhyperacusis, which is a sensitivity to sounds in general. The term is derived from the Greek: "miso" for hate and "phonia" for sound.

Cause of misophonia

Misophonia is probably triggered bypsychological causes. Experiences from childhood or trauma can also trigger the disorder. In the case of the latter, traumatic experiences are associated with certain sounds. If the noise occurs, negative memories are evoked, which in turn can express themselves physically.

Misophonia symptoms

The typical symptom of misophonia is that specific sounds are barely tolerable. These soundsdo not necessarily have to be loud. Sensations triggered by the noise range from goosebumps and tense musclesto pain. Other typical symptoms include:

  • Disgust
  • Anger
  • Aggression

The symptoms often occurfrom puberty. Which sounds are affected varies. Examples of affected sounds include the squeaking of chalk on the blackboard, smacking, chewing noises or even swallowing and rubbing noises.

Misophonia therapy/treatment

Therapy methods for the treatment of misophonia arestill being researched. Various approaches are currently being used:

  • Headphones to block out the noise
  • Relaxation techniques for more control over physical reactions
  • Hypnosis (not scientifically supported)
  • Behavioral therapy to dissolve the association of negative experiences and sounds
  • Psychotherapy

Misophonia - what to do

In any case, it is important to seek professional help if misophonia is suspected. If no treatment is sought, there is arisk of phonophobia. This is a severe fear of sounds that can lead to social withdrawal.